Students will read texts that represent the Romantic era of American literature, 1800-1865 in order to understand American culture and purpose in the literature. Specifically, students will analyze the literature for common themes, styles, and how the common genres shape the meaning of those texts representative of the time and understand the historical significance of the texts.
“Thanatopsis” * “Cross of Snow”
Billy Budd “Rip Van Winkle”
* “Legend of Sleepy Hollow” Little Women “Masque of the Red Death”
* “Fall of the House of Usher”
Poetry of Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson
I. 2.01 – Research and analyze ideas, events, and/or movements related to United States culture by organizing information to create a structure for purpose, audience, and context.
A. Historical notes
1. Socio-political occurrences
2. literary changes
B. Characteristics of Romantic literature
1. Distrust of “Civilization” / Anti-Industrialism
2. Nostalgia for the past
3. Concern with the Individual Freedom
4. Interest in the Supernatural
5. Profound love for beauties of natural landscape.
7. Spontaneous overflow of emotion recollected in tranquility
C. Literature that illustrates the characteristics of Romantic literature
2. Little Women
II. 2.03 – Demonstrate the ability to read, listen to and view a variety of increasingly complex print and non-print informational texts appropriate to grade level and course literary focus, by providing textual evidence to support understanding of and reader’s response to text, analyzing and evaluating the effects of author’s craft and style, and providing textual evidence to support understanding of and reader’s response to text.
A. “Rip Van Winkle”
1. craft and style
a. craft: The creative and consistent use of literary voice and style in a piece as well as correct grammar and spelling, rhythm variations and good use of description in the papers.
b. style: writer’s choice of words, figures of speech, devices, and the shaping of the sentences and paragraphs.
c. voice: the cadence and lyricism with which you narrate and write dialogue, particularly when it comes to speaking through the eyes of a particular character.
2. story within story
B. “Masque of the Red Death”
1. craft and style
2. imagery – the forming of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things.
3. symbolism – Something that on the surface is its literal self but which also has another
III. 5.01 – Interpret the significance of literary movements as they have evolved through the literature of the United States by analyzing the characteristics of literary genres, including fiction, nonfiction, drama, and poetry, and how the selection of genre shapes meaning and evaluating the literary merit
A. Walt Whitman – “Father of American Poetry”
1. New themes for poetry
a. common man (“I Hear America Singing”)
b. individualism (“Song of Myself”)
2. Innovative poetical techniques
a. idiosyncratic spelling and punctuation
b. free verse – poem that does not have a set rhyme or meter scheme
c. repeated images
d. use of enumerations and catalogs
B. Emily Dickinson
1. abstract poetry – Verse that makes little sense grammatically or syntactically but which relies on auditory patterns create its meaning or poetic effects
2. symbolism – Something that on the surface is its literal self but which also has another meaning or even several meanings.
a. universal symbols that embody universally recognizable meanings wherever used
b. constructed symbols that are given symbolic meaning by the way an author uses them in a literary work
3. Slant Rhyme – rhyme in which either the vowels or the consonants of stressed syllables are identical, partial or imperfect rhyme
4. Use of dashes – changes meter of poetry
Standard English III Handouts:
Honors English III Handouts: