Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech

Noun -person, place, thing or idea

common noun – name general items – dog, school

proper nouns – named nouns – Mollie, Cleveland HS

concrete nouns – can be seen or touched/physical nouns – wall, hug

abstract nouns – cannot be seen or touched/mental nouns – love, bravery

Pronoun – replaces a noun –

interrogative pronouns – questions words ; they stand in for the answer of the question – who, what, when

personal pronouns – Personal pronouns stand in for people, places, things and ideas he, she, it, us

demonstrative pronouns – are used to demonstrate (or indicate). This, that, these and those

indefinite pronouns – stand in for general, non-specific nouns – all, some, any, each

relative pronoun – relates to another noun preceding it in the sentence. Therefore, a relative pronoun acts as the subject or       object of the dependent clause.     which, that, who, where

Adjective – describes a noun or pronoun

predicate adjective – follows a linking verb and tells us something about the subject.  Micah is wonderful.

Verb  -action or state of being (to be verbs)

transitive – a verb which has an object. Amy rode a horse [object].

intransitive – verbs that do not have an object – She sits.

helping – verbs that are part of a verb phrase, the helping part – He is reading.  She should sleep.

linking – A linking verb does not have much meaning in itself. It “links” the subject to what is said about the subject.  The night became dark.   The music sounds wonderful.

 Adverb– describes a verb, adjective, or another adverb   (usually ends in -ly, but not always )

describes verb – ran quickly.

describes adjective – very blue sky,

describes another adverb – cried rather loudly

Preposition – relates a noun to the rest of the sentence.  [I always say “anything a plane can do to a cloud”]

 Conjunction – connects parts of a sentence

coordinating conjunctions always connects similar elements – subject+subject    independent clause + independent clause

FANBOYS = for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so

subordinate cconjunctions – connects a subordinate clause to an independent clause

many different types of subordinate clauses; some prepositions and relative pronouns are also used as a

subordinate conjunction

correlative conjunctions – paired conjunctions that join sentence elements as grammatically equal

either…. or                 not only…. but also

Interjection – used to express sudden emotion

 

Verbals – words that look like verbs but act as adjectives or nouns

Participle – verb that ends in -ing and acts like an adjective

Past [tense] Participle – the broken ipod

Present [tense] Participle – the running horse

Gerund – verb that ends in -ing and acts like a noun

I am allergic to jogging.

Infinitive – to + verb, acts like a noun or an adjective

I like to sit in the front.  He wants to see his girlfriend.

Handouts

Parts of Speech Notes

Pronoun antecedent worksheet 2

Pronoun Antecedent Agreement

Pronoun Antecedent Agreement

COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVE AND ADVERBS notes

Preposition Notes

Prepositions List

Verbals Notes

Verbals Practice

Verbals Activity

Honors Verbals handout

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